Everything You Need to Know About EORI Numbers: Simplifying Cross-Border Trade

EORI Number
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EORI Numbers: Everything You Need To Know 2024

If you're involved in international trade within the European Union, understanding EORI numbers is essential for a smooth and seamless customs process. In this blog, we'll guide you through the basics of EORI numbers, their importance, and how to obtain one for your business. With this knowledge, you'll be better equipped to navigate cross-border trade and customs processes within the EU.

What is an EORI Number?

EORI stands for Economic Operators Registration and Identification number. It is a unique identifier assigned to businesses and individuals involved in the import or export of goods within the EU. The EORI system was introduced in 2009 to facilitate a more efficient and secure exchange of information between businesses, customs authorities, and other government agencies.

Why is an EORI Number Important?

Having an EORI number streamlines the customs process for businesses and individuals involved in international trade within the EU. Here are some key benefits of having an EORI number:

  1. Simplified customs declarations: An EORI number enables customs authorities to quickly and easily identify economic operators, expediting the clearance process for your shipments.

  2. Enhanced security: The EORI system helps improve security by allowing authorities to track and monitor the movement of goods more effectively.

  3. Compliance with EU regulations: Obtaining an EORI number is a legal requirement for businesses and individuals involved in cross-border trade within the EU.

  4. Better communication: EORI numbers enable smoother communication between businesses, customs authorities, and other relevant agencies.

How to Obtain an EORI Number

Follow these steps to register for an EORI number:

  1. Identify your responsible national customs authority: EORI numbers are issued by the customs authority of the EU member state where your business is established or where you reside. Find your relevant authority here.

  2. Complete the registration process: Each customs authority has its own registration process, which can usually be completed online. Visit the authority's website for specific instructions on how to apply for an EORI number.

  3. Provide the required information: You will need to supply some basic information about your business or yourself during the registration process, such as your name, address, and tax identification number.

  4. Wait for your EORI number: Upon successful registration, you will be issued an EORI number, typically within a few days. This number will remain valid for all future customs-related activities within the EU.

EORI Number Format

An EORI number consists of two parts:

  1. A country code: This is a two-letter code representing the EU member state that issued the EORI number (e.g., DE for Germany or FR for France).

  2. A unique identifier: This is a string of alphanumeric characters assigned by the customs authority.

For example, an EORI number issued by the German customs authority might look like this: DE123456789012345.

Understanding EORI numbers and obtaining one for your business or yourself is crucial for a hassle-free customs process when trading within the EU. By registering for an EORI number and complying with the relevant customs regulations, you'll ensure that your cross-border trade activities are efficient, secure, and in line with EU requirements. Don't let customs issues slow you down – stay ahead by getting your EORI number today.


FAQ: EORI Numbers

What is an EORI number?

An EORI number is a unique identifier, assigned to businesses and individuals by customs authorities, used for tracking and registering customs entries in the EU and UK. It's required for companies involved in importing or exporting goods to or from these regions.

Who needs an EORI number?

Any business or individual importing or exporting goods into or out of the EU or UK needs an EORI number. This includes not only those who are directly involved in the shipping process but also those who are responsible for making customs declarations or getting customs decisions.

How do I apply for an EORI number?

  • In the EU:

    You should apply through the customs website or authority in the member state where you are established or where your first import/export will occur.

  • In the UK:

    Applications can be made online via the UK Government’s website. You'll need to provide your VAT number (if applicable), business details, and contact information.

Is there a cost to apply for an EORI number?

No, applying for an EORI number is free of charge in both the EU and the UK.

How long does it take to get an EORI number?

The processing time can vary. In the UK, it can take up to a week, while in the EU, it might vary depending on the specific country's customs procedures. It's advisable to apply well in advance of when you'll need it.

Do I need a separate EORI number for the EU and the UK?

Yes, post-Brexit, businesses that trade with both the EU and the UK will need two EORI numbers: one issued by an EU country and one by the UK. This ensures compliance with both customs systems.

Can I use my EORI number for multiple shipments?

Yes, once you have an EORI number, it can be used for all your import/export activities within the EU or the UK. There's no need to apply for a new number for each shipment.

What happens if I don’t have an EORI number?

Without an EORI number, you may experience increased delays and costs with your shipments, as customs authorities will not process your goods through customs procedures until you provide a valid EORI number.

Do I need an EORI number for personal shipments?

Generally, EORI numbers are not required for personal shipments. However, if you're moving goods for commercial purposes, including small-scale transactions, you may need an EORI number.

How do I update my EORI information?

If your business details change (like address or company name), you should update your EORI information through the same authority that issued your number. Failure to keep your details current can lead to issues with customs clearance.

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